Agriculture and Climate Change

Agriculture is an essential source of producing and supplying food to the mass majority of people from the rural to the urban cities of the world. It involves a complete process of mechanized field tractor farming on a small and large area of arable land such as fertilizing, irrigating, crop rotating, seed planting, and crop harvesting etc.

This whole process requires a suitable amount of climate and weather condition for organically growing field crops as a little bit change in climate can bring an unexpected disaster and badly damage field crops which can cause a huge financial loss for farmers with an increase in poverty and hunger. There is a strong relationship between agriculture and climate and a good combination of harmony can bring a positive change in flourishing agriculture all around the world because a majority of the countries today are entirely or partially dependent on stable agriculture economy with a purpose to better fulfill the growing requirement of food and hunger on a global scale.

The change of climate is caused by plenty of reasons such as global warming and greenhouse gases emissions. These two are major factors in depleting an ozone layer by widening a gap to emit harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun which is a real cause of changing weather conditions with an increasing intensity of heat and cold in many parts of the world. The Green House Gases include Carbon Di Oxide, Methane, and nitrous oxide which are extremely hazardous for environmental pollution and increase heat warming in the world.

Deforestation is also a serious reason of climate change which can put negative impacts on the environment which can lead to adverse consequences for agriculture and badly damage yield crops such as excessive rainfall, drought, a rise in sea levels, melting of ice glaciers, and heavy stormwater cyclones.

Tree plantation is the best remedy to reduce global warming as trees and forests provide a true shade in the heat and are helpful in generating an abundant source of fresh oxygen for a healthy eco-friendly environment. Organic farming is another beneficial way to help reduce global warming to the maximum extent and it also helps in producing natural healthy bio-diversity nutritious genetic modified food crops. GM Crops provide the best solution for tackling food security issue prevailing in the world by means of taking DNA Genes from plants to reproduce another plant of same matching characteristics to help provide pest control and drought resistance with a healthy fertile soil.

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